Adriana Caicedo Castillo, Gustavo Adolfo Ramirez Ruiz, Natalia Gonzalez Correa
Chair of studies, Afro Colombian identity, poetry nightclub, Inclusion, equity, teachability, mainstreaming, interculturality
Background: Decree 1122 of 1998, which regulates the inclusion of multiculturalism and the historical contributions that Afro-Colombian communities have made to the country, in addition to having it present the current situation where (AROCHA, 1992) states, " Colombia is not perceived nor as a country with a population of 21% having ancestors from Africa, or as a setting for cultural continuities of the continent" so it should be noted such a contradiction. Objective: to understand how the Chair of Afro-Colombian studies (CEA) is being implemented in the educational institutions of the communes 7, 8 and 9 of the municipality of Tuluá. Methodology: framed in the qualitative approach, it identifies the reality in the natural context of the application of afro descendant Chair in educational institutions of the communes 7, 8 and 9 of Tuluá. Using the collection and bibliographical selection, application of checklists that begins with the analysis of documents such as: texts of institutional projects (I.E.P.), specific area plans and cross-cutting projects, information of SIMAT which allowed us to determine the concentration of African people in educational institutions. In this phase, it was worked with format analysis of documents (secondary source), another one for meetings, interviews and discussions with groups of teachers of Social Sciences; coordinators and Presidents in such a way that it was possible to identify epistemologies of these groups (primary source). The third stage is about assessment and systematization, which are programmed on joint activities with the research group, in order to define the technique of analysis of information and the construction of a proposal for the dissemination of the process. Results: Within the curriculum of the educational institutions, Jovita Santacoloma, Modern School and Juan María Céspedes, we carried out an exhaustive search of how, the agreement was applied in these educational institutions and if it was clear to see, "the afro Colombian towards the majority population", this inquiry into the curriculum of the three educational institutions, made it possible to understand that the agreement is an utopia of the teaching matter itself, as a need to comply with the standard, encasing the afrodescendency mediatic and folkloric matter, stereotyping in this way the afro population, it is undeniable that it has relegated the importance it has in the development of the IEP, area plans and classroom by the invisibility that plans that suffers the afro in the territory, checked in the lack of public policies, training in the application of the CEA, within educational institutions and municipal. Any of the three institutions take into account the historical, literary, contributions among others that can bring afro minority to the processes of teaching and learning within the classroom. It is the State and the community engagement to help carry out this policy to preserve diversity which seeks to respect the difference, identity and authenticity of each group, taking into account their ideologies, customs and traditions. To facilitate the integration of the communities with the rest of national population since (elaboration of the curriculum,., 1987) "the curriculum is, after all, a way of preparing young people to participate as a useful member in our culture... A curriculum is a plan for learning."
Cite this paper
Adriana Caicedo Castillo, Gustavo Adolfo Ramirez Ruiz, Natalia Gonzalez Correa. (2017) Applying Knowledge of the Chair of Afro-Colombian Studies in Educational Institutions of 7th, 8th and 9th Districts of Tuluá Municipality in Colombia. International Journal of Cultural Heritage, 2, 51-62