Seyed Majid Mosaddad



Thermocline Formation in the Persian Gulf

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Persian Gulf (PG) is a semi-enclosed water basin that is connected to the Gulf of Oman through the Strait of Hormuz. There are different forcing and climatic parameters influencing the thermocline development in the PG from winter to summer. These factors include tide, river inflow, solar radiation, evaporation, northwestern wind, and water exchange with the Gulf of Oman. In fact, the thermocline, which is often observed in the oceans and open seas, can be considered as a seasonal phenomenon in the ocean. In the present study, it is studied theoretically; and compared with the results of the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) in the PG. During winter to summer, solar heating created an intense thermocline that decoupled the surface mixed layer from the interior water. The data are reviewed as the measurements collected in 1992 and recent modeling results. Overall, through a theoretical study, it is concluded that thermocline formation is a seasonal phenomenon in the PG.


Persian Gulf (PG), Thermocline, POM, Modeling, Temperature, Salinity, Depth


Cite this paper

Seyed Majid Mosaddad. (2020) Thermocline Formation in the Persian Gulf. International Journal of Environmental Science, 5, 253-258


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