Filippo Carollo, Vincenzo Naso, Gabriele Virzi’ Mariotti, Luigi Cannizzaro
teenage bicyclist, vehicle impact, bumper height, bonnet height, bonnet angle
In this work the data, obtained for the three vehicles (sedan, SUV and Pick Up), tested in previous works, are compared. Following the results found in the literature, particular emphasis is done on the speed of the teenager cyclist head at the instant of impact and the diagrams of the head speed and the chest obtained in the simulations are shown. The speed of the head is that absolute, and this is used for processing the data and the subsequent determination of the best values of the three geometric actual parameters identified in front of the vehicle. Absolute speed is preferred because using the relative speed respect to vehicle, some amounts that cannot be disregarded are omitted from the evaluation. The chosen speed is 30 km/h because higher values appear too dependent on the mass of the vehicle, while lower values may not result in serious injury and are therefore less attractive. The procedure, to obtain the optimal values of the height of the bumper, the height of the bonnet and of the inclination angle of the bonnet is illustrated in the case the side impact vehicle-teenager cyclist. The conclusion is made that analogous procedure can be applied to HIC values.
Cite this paper
Filippo Carollo, Vincenzo Naso, Gabriele Virzi’ Mariotti, Luigi Cannizzaro. (2016) Influence of the Vehicle Front Shape in Teenage Cyclist-Vehicle Crash. International Journal of Transportation Systems, 1, 108-116